Université d'Auvergne Clermont1 | CNRS

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Heart failure prognosis and management in over-80-year-old patients: data from a French national observational retrospective cohort.

TitleHeart failure prognosis and management in over-80-year-old patients: data from a French national observational retrospective cohort.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsVorilhon, C., C. Chenaf, A. Mulliez, B. Pereira, G. Clerfond, N. Authier, F. Jean, P. Motreff, B. Citron, A. Eschalier, J. - R. Lusson, and R. Eschalier
JournalEuropean journal of clinical pharmacology
Volume71
Issue2
Pagination251-60
Date Published2015 Feb
ISSN1432-1041
Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of clinical characteristics and management on the mid- to long-term follow-up prognosis of unselected over-80-year-old patients hospitalized for a first heart failure (HF) episode in a real-life setting. Despite the increasing proportion of HF patients over 80 years of age, the latter remain a poorly studied population.

METHODS: Analysis was based on the EGB ("Echantillon Généraliste des Bénéficiaires") database. A cohort comprising 1825 adult patients with a first admission for HF between 2009 and 2011 was created and followed until June 2013 for survival analysis.

RESULTS: Over-80-year-old patients represented 53 % of this cohort, with a median follow-up of 18.6 (3.3-29.5) months. Only 5 % of patients over 80 years received an optimal treatment at discharge [combination of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEi/ARB), beta-blockers (BB), and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA)]. During the follow-up period, only BB prescription levels (p = 0.02) increased. In over-80-year-olds, in-hospital mortality was 12 % (range, 10-14) and survival was 62.8 % (59.6-65.7) and 48.7 % (45.4-51.9) at 12 and 24 months, respectively. On multivariate analysis, dyslipidemia [0.74 (0.58-0.94), p = 0.02], vitamin K antagonists [0.55 (0.44-0.69), p < 0.001], ACEi/ARB + BB + MRA [0.56 (0.32-0.96), p = 0.04], and ACEi/ARB + BB [0.57 (0.45-0.72), p < 0.001] were associated with improved survival, conversely to cardiogenic shock [3.37 (1.90-5.98), p < 0.001], denutrition [1.61 (1.24-2.09), p < 0.001], and age over 90 [1.35 (1.09-1.67), p = 0.01].

CONCLUSIONS: These real-life HF data provide insight into prognostic factors and demonstrate that over-80-year-old HF patients displaying several comorbidities are poorly managed, despite the confirmed clinical benefit of HF drugs.

DOI10.1007/s00228-014-1794-7
Alternate JournalEur. J. Clin. Pharmacol.